Tag Archives: Randomized Controlled Trials

Hey, doctor, leave those guts alone!

Intestinal function is often sluggish after preterm delivery. Establishing early enteral nutrition, the goal of all of us, is interrupted often by repeated regurgitation, or large residuals (if you measure them) or abdominal distension. There are also reported correlations between … Continue reading

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Sustained inflation during neonatal resuscitation? Not so fast…

A sustained inflation at birth of an asphyxiated lamb which lasts 30 seconds leads to much more rapid restoration of heart rate and blood pressure than either conventional ventilation or a series of shorter sustained inflations of 5 seconds each. … Continue reading

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Neonatal Updates: Recent Nutritional Publications part 2.

Breast Milk and how to use it Colacci M, et al. Growth and Development in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants After the Introduction of Exclusive Human Milk Feedings. American journal of perinatology. 2016(EFirst). This is a before and after study … Continue reading

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Causes and Consequences of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Sullivan K, et al. The Association between Positive Tracheal Aspirate Cultures and Adverse Pulmonary Outcomes in Preterm Infants with Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. American journal of perinatology. 2016(EFirst).  This is an interesting study, with many limitations. 121 intubated VLBW preterm infants … Continue reading

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Why didn’t erythropoietin improve the outcome of preterm babies?

Because that is the result of a newly published RCT of erythropoietin (EPO) for neuroprotection of small preterm babies, no effect. Natalucci G, et al. Effect of Early Prophylactic High-Dose Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in Very Preterm Infants on Neurodevelopmental Outcome … Continue reading

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The microbiome of plastic tubes in children

Petersen SM, et al. Nasogastric feeding tubes from a neonatal department yield high concentrations of potentially pathogenic bacteria – even one day after insertion. Pediatr Res. 2016.  These authors cultured 94 nasogastric feeding tubes from 34 preterm infants. 1 ml … Continue reading

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Neonatal Updates

Raina A, et al. Treating perinatal asphyxia with theophylline at birth helps to reduce the severity of renal dysfunction in term neonates. Acta Paediatrica. 2016. This was an RCT in 160 full-term babies with perinatal asphyxia and encephalopathy. Babies, who … Continue reading

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