Tag Archives: Randomized Controlled Trials

What respiratory outcomes are important?

When bronchopulmonary dysplasia was first described by Northway in 1967 he didn’t try to produce a definition, his paper was a description of a small number of preterm survivors of high oxygen and positive pressure ventilation. He noted some years … Continue reading

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High-flow in non-tertiary neonatal units: Hunting for answers. #EBNEO

I think Brett Manley is going for the record as the person with the highest proportion of his publications in the FPNEJM, he now has 3, with 2 of them as first author. This is the HUNTER trial where babies … Continue reading

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Research Outcomes in Neonatology : must do better.

When planning a research project with neonatal patients the first question should be, what am I investigating? The PICO outline : standing for Patients, Intervention, Controls (or comparison) and Outcome, is a standardized way of asking the simple question. If … Continue reading

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RCTs prevail: Antibiotic impregnation of central lines doesn’t reduce sepsis.

In older children and adults who need central venous access, using catheters impregnated with stuff that kills bugs decreases invasive sepsis rates. A multicentre trial in English PICUs showed a reduction in sepsis from 4% to 1% when antibiotic impregnated … Continue reading

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Insulin like growth factor: does it prevent BPD, or does it increase RoP and mortality?

In the March print edition of the Journal of Pediatrics, the report of the Insulin-like growth factor 1/IGF binding protein 3 trial, as a preventive for retinopathy. Ley D, et al. rhIGF-1/rhIGFBP-3 in Preterm Infants: A Phase 2 Randomized Controlled … Continue reading

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Measure gastric residuals? Safe to stop?

A new RCT published in JAMA pediatrics compared growth and other clinical outcomes between infants <33 weeks gestation and <1250g who were managed with routine gastric residual measurements or without. (Parker LA, et al. Effect of Gastric Residual Evaluation on … Continue reading

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Platelet transfusions don’t close the PDA, but they may increase IVH

I would never have actually thought to ask the question whether platelet transfusion might close the PDA, although early thrombocytopenia is associated with persistent PDA, and platelet plugs seem to be part of the mechanism of closure. A group in … Continue reading

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