Tag Archives: surfactant treatment

Which Surfactant is best?

Singh N, et al. Comparison of animal-derived surfactants for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online). 2015;12:CD010249. This is the sort of systematic review that I find really helpful. Some … Continue reading

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Late surfactant supplementation

After the initial phase of surfactant deficiency of the very preterm infant, inhibition and destruction of surfactant are common, the inflammation of the oxygen exposed preterm lung is probably important in the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and the adverse effects … Continue reading

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Steroids directly in the lungs? Version 2

A couple of weeks ago I discussed a new multicenter RCT which examined the effects of multiple repeated doses of steroids, given by inhalation starting on the first day of life, and continuing, at least until the infants reached 14 … Continue reading

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Surfactant without intubation, where are we?

A recent trial from Germany tried to answer the question of whether giving surfactant through a thin catheter while the baby was on CPAP would reduce “death or BPD” compared to intubation for surfactant. Kribs A, et al. Nonintubated Surfactant Application … Continue reading

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Late Surfactant may not be effective, probably.

A large multi-center trial (n=511) led by Roberta Ballard has just been published. (Ballard RA, et al. Randomized Trial of Late Surfactant Treatment in Ventilated Preterm Infants Receiving Inhaled Nitric Oxide. J Pediatr 2015.) In this trial infants had similar … Continue reading

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Reducing BPD by Avoiding Intubation

Sometimes more than one article gets published almost simultaneously on the same topic, sometimes with similar methodology. Two systematic reviews of the effects of trying to avoid or curtail endotracheal intubation in order to protect the lungs have just been … Continue reading

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Who should get surfactant?

I think the literature is clear, if you need surfactant, the earlier you get it the better. If you don’t need surfactant you are better off never being intubated. So how do we decide? Current management protocols usually put babies … Continue reading

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