Tag Archives: microbiome

More musings on the microbiome

We are fortunate in neonatology to not have to worry about C difficile, partly because the name has been changed for this germ as well (now Clostridioides, rather than Clostridium), and it is one less name change to keep up … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Probiotics in preterms; what’s new? Part 1

I haven’t, surprisingly, posted about probiotics recently, but there are some new findings in the literature that warrant discussion. Granger C, et al. Necrotising enterocolitis, late-onset sepsis and mortality after routine probiotic introduction in the UK. Arch Dis Child Fetal … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

Probiotics, can’t get enough…

All probiotics are not equal. I think it is clear, for example, that the probiotic fungi (Saccharomyces) studied in 2 small trials had no impact on NEC. In addition one of the largest and best trials (PiPS) from the UK … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Where does sepsis come from?

One of the findings of the recent SIFT trial was that although the babies in the fast feeding group had shorter duration of parenteral nutrition, TPN, (and presumably of central lines), they did not have less late-onset sepsis, LOS. Why … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Quoted in “nature”

An interesting and well-written article in nature (or, at least, a supplement called “nature outlook”) by a scientific journalist Sarah DeWeerdt has appeared, discussing the acquisition of the intestinal microbiome by newborn infants. She discusses premature infants and the role … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 3

Abdulkadir B, et al. Stool bacterial load in preterm infants with necrotising enterocolitis. Early Hum Dev. 2016;95:1-2.  More work from the Newcastle group, this time the group decided not to look at the proportion of different bugs in the stools, … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 2

The Newcastle, UK, group has published an article about the intestinal microbiome of babies receiving routine probiotic prophylaxis. Abdulkadir B, et al. Routine Use of Probiotics in Preterm Infants: Longitudinal Impact on the Microbiome and Metabolome. Neonatology. 2016;109(4):239-47. The authors studied 7 … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , | 2 Comments

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 1

Some very interesting recent publications about NEC, so I will post a multi-part bumper posting. The first has just been published (in tomorrow’s Lancet) Warner BB, et al. Gut bacteria dysbiosis and necrotising enterocolitis in very low birthweight infants: a prospective … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Prebiotics, Probiotics and the microbiome

A series of interesting recent articles: Yang J, et al. Application of Laser Capture Microdissection and 16S rRNA Gene Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Analysis of Bacteria Colonizing the Intestinal Tissue of Neonates With Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Frozen poop sounds much more palatable

Fecal transplants are effective in treatment of persistent clostridium difficile infections. The publication showing that, in the small RCT published in the PNEJM, was remarkable in the pre-screened donors who were ready and available to produce a “donation” on demand. … Continue reading

Posted in Neonatal Research | Tagged | Leave a comment