Category Archives: Neonatal Research

Research Outcomes in Neonatology : must do better.

When planning a research project with neonatal patients the first question should be, what am I investigating? The PICO outline : standing for Patients, Intervention, Controls (or comparison) and Outcome, is a standardized way of asking the simple question. If … Continue reading

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Just do it! Who should go home on oxygen?

A new guideline from the ATS has been published, which gives guidelines for home oxygen therapy for children, one large group of which is, of course, babies with bronchopulmonmary dysplasia. Hayes D, Jr., et al. Home Oxygen Therapy for Children. … Continue reading

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RCTs prevail: Antibiotic impregnation of central lines doesn’t reduce sepsis.

In older children and adults who need central venous access, using catheters impregnated with stuff that kills bugs decreases invasive sepsis rates. A multicentre trial in English PICUs showed a reduction in sepsis from 4% to 1% when antibiotic impregnated … Continue reading

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Putting steroids in the lungs? Still unclear if it is safe or effective.

Systematic reviews, and meta-analyses should help us make a clinical decision, by accumulating all the evidence, determining its quality, and synthesizing impacts, we can then decide which therapeutic option to pursue. This latest review answers the following question “should I … Continue reading

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Insulin like growth factor: does it prevent BPD, or does it increase RoP and mortality?

In the March print edition of the Journal of Pediatrics, the report of the Insulin-like growth factor 1/IGF binding protein 3 trial, as a preventive for retinopathy. Ley D, et al. rhIGF-1/rhIGFBP-3 in Preterm Infants: A Phase 2 Randomized Controlled … Continue reading

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Measure gastric residuals? Safe to stop?

A new RCT published in JAMA pediatrics compared growth and other clinical outcomes between infants <33 weeks gestation and <1250g who were managed with routine gastric residual measurements or without. (Parker LA, et al. Effect of Gastric Residual Evaluation on … Continue reading

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Do transfusions trigger NEC? or does anemia?

I am still unconvinced that transfusion associated NEC is a real thing, I think it is possibly a real phenomenon, but I am not sure how to know for sure. Some of the best evidence I think comes from the … Continue reading

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