Monthly Archives: May 2016

Neonatal Updates

Raina A, et al. Treating perinatal asphyxia with theophylline at birth helps to reduce the severity of renal dysfunction in term neonates. Acta Paediatrica. 2016. This was an RCT in 160 full-term babies with perinatal asphyxia and encephalopathy. Babies, who … Continue reading

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How to define BPD

An article published at the end of 2015, (I only just got the full-text) compared 3 diagnostic criteria for defining BPD. The original 36 week threshold by Andy Shennan, the NIH workshop definition, and the ‘physiologic’ definition requiring a room-air … Continue reading

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CMV transmission by breast milk in the very preterm, how important is it?

Over the past couple of years there have been quite a few articles addressing this issue, so I guess it must be important. The results of all these studies are not consistent, however, Kelly MS, et al. Postnatal Cytomegalovirus Infection … Continue reading

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Is breast-milk really best?

Although many people (including myself) are convinced that human breast milk is the preferable nutrition for human babies, including the preterm, some of the evidence regarding benefits is shaky. For example the evidence that breast milk feeding reduces late-onset sepsis. … Continue reading

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The multidisciplinary conference, a parental view.

When patients are more complex than average, or there are multiple complications, or difficult ethical issues, we frequently organize “multidisciplinary conferences” which involve all the medical consultants and nursing, often also our social work and/or psychology personnel and the spiritual … Continue reading

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Erythropoietin for Asphyxia

A preliminary RCT in babies undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (Wu YW, et al. High-dose Erythropoietin and Hypothermia for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: A Phase II Trial. Pediatrics. 2016). They randomized 50 babies with HIE who were being cooled to 1000 units/kg on days 1,2,3,5, … Continue reading

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Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 3

Abdulkadir B, et al. Stool bacterial load in preterm infants with necrotising enterocolitis. Early Hum Dev. 2016;95:1-2.  More work from the Newcastle group, this time the group decided not to look at the proportion of different bugs in the stools, … Continue reading

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Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 2

The Newcastle, UK, group has published an article about the intestinal microbiome of babies receiving routine probiotic prophylaxis. Abdulkadir B, et al. Routine Use of Probiotics in Preterm Infants: Longitudinal Impact on the Microbiome and Metabolome. Neonatology. 2016;109(4):239-47. The authors studied 7 … Continue reading

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Necrotizing Enterocolitis: manipulating the microbiome, part 1

Some very interesting recent publications about NEC, so I will post a multi-part bumper posting. The first has just been published (in tomorrow’s Lancet) Warner BB, et al. Gut bacteria dysbiosis and necrotising enterocolitis in very low birthweight infants: a prospective … Continue reading

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Which Surfactant is best?

Singh N, et al. Comparison of animal-derived surfactants for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online). 2015;12:CD010249. This is the sort of systematic review that I find really helpful. Some … Continue reading

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