Tag Archives: BPD

Surfactant without intubation, where are we?

A recent trial from Germany tried to answer the question of whether giving surfactant through a thin catheter while the baby was on CPAP would reduce “death or BPD” compared to intubation for surfactant. Kribs A, et al. Nonintubated Surfactant Application … Continue reading

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The last nail in the coffin of permissive hypercapnia?

Thome UH, et al. Permissive hypercapnia in extremely low birthweight infants (PHELBI): a randomised controlled multicentre trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2015;3(7):534-43. This German multi-center trial randomized infants 400 to 1000 g birth weight to 2 different CO2 target ranges. The … Continue reading

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Late Surfactant may not be effective, probably.

A large multi-center trial (n=511) led by Roberta Ballard has just been published. (Ballard RA, et al. Randomized Trial of Late Surfactant Treatment in Ventilated Preterm Infants Receiving Inhaled Nitric Oxide. J Pediatr 2015.) In this trial infants had similar … Continue reading

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Early steroids to prevent Chronic Lung Disease; give them directly into the lungs?

Bassler D, et al. Early Inhaled Budesonide for the Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. New England Journal of Medicine. 2015;373(16):1497-506. One of those ongoing trials that we have been awaiting the results of has just been published. The NEUROSIS trial was a … Continue reading

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NICUs are working better: still room for improvement.

As NICUs have become more effective, any proportional incremental improvements will necessarily get smaller, so larger and larger datasets will be needed to show any trends. The NICHD has just published data about survival and major acute morbidities among extremely … Continue reading

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Under Pressure….

Colm O’Donnell once wrote an article with a whole line from a David Bowie song embedded in the article’s title (O’Donnell CPF. Turn and face the strange – ch..ch..ch..changes to neonatal resuscitation guidelines in the past decade. Journal of Paediatrics … Continue reading

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What’s new with Caffeine?

Lodha A, et al. Association of Early Caffeine Administration and Neonatal Outcomes in Very Preterm Neonates. JAMA Pediatr. 2014. First, a study of which I was a co-author; we examined from the CNN whether infants that received caffeine starting in … Continue reading

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